Topic outline

  • 1. Introduction

    Welcome to "Valuation Multiples!" The module introduces you to the most popular valuation approach among practitioners: Relative Valuation. This introductory section motivates the topic and explains the logic of the module.

      

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  • 2. General Considerations

    This section gives a brief introduction to relative valuation and presents the basic idea behind this simple yet powerful valuation method.

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  • 3. Enterprise Value, Equity Value, and Multiples

    This section briefly shows the relation between enterprise value and equity value and shows how we can use relative valuation to derive these values. It also takes a closer look at what "enterprise value" actually is.

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  • 4. Implementation Challenges and Solutions

    In this section, we address the three key challenges we face when conducting relative valuation: How to pick multiples? Which ones are the "right" comparables? And what are comparable valuation situations? 
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  • 5. The Price-Earnings Ratio

    This section takes a closer look at the P/E ratio, the most popular valuation multiple among financial analysts. We show how to derive the P/E ratio from a simple valuation model. This allows us to better understand the (implicit) assumptions we make when working with the P/E ratio. We also see that many other multiples are a function of the P/E ratio.

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